Birch Hardwood Technical Species Information
Detailed scientific and mechanical properties for Birch Hardwood Lumber
- Description: Birch heartwood color can vary from light reddish brown to dark brown with red tinges. The sapwood can be white to light colored. Birch has a fine, uniform texture and a straight grain.
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- Other Names: Betula spp, Paper birch, black birch, silver birch, western birch
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Birch Lumber Scientific Properties and Technical Specifications
- Janka Hardness: 1,100 pounds
- Strength (MOR): 15,570 psi
- Stiffness (MOE): 2,010 1000 psi
- Density (KG/m3): 610
- Color: Heartwood is light reddish brown to dark brown with red tinges. Sapwood is light colored to white.
- Photosensitivity: Low
- Tangential Shrinkage: 9.0 %
- Radial Shrinkage: 6.5 %
- Family: Betulaceae
- Tree Characteristics: The Birch tree can reach a height of 70 feet and a diameter of up to 2 feet.
- Geographic Area: Found on mud flats near estuaries and coasts, swamps, and river banks.
- Texture: Fine
- Grain: Straight
- Luster: Low
- Durability Rating: Rated as non-durable.
- Drying Characteristics: Moderately difficult to dry
- Working Characteristics: Fairly easy to work with
- Applications: Flooring, cabinetry, furniture, decorative veneers, paneling
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