Birch Hardwood Technical Species Information

Detailed scientific and mechanical properties for Birch Hardwood Lumber


  • Description: Birch heartwood color can vary from light reddish brown to dark brown with red tinges. The sapwood can be white to light colored. Birch has a fine, uniform texture and a straight grain.
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  • Other Names: Betula spp, Paper birch, black birch, silver birch, western birch
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Birch Lumber Scientific Properties and Technical Specifications

  • Janka Hardness: 1,100 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 15,570 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,010 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 610
  • Color: Heartwood is light reddish brown to dark brown with red tinges. Sapwood is light colored to white.
  • Photosensitivity: Low
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 9.0 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 6.5 %
  • Family: Betulaceae
  • Tree Characteristics: The Birch tree can reach a height of 70 feet and a diameter of up to 2 feet.
  • Geographic Area: Found on mud flats near estuaries and coasts, swamps, and river banks.
  • Texture: Fine
  • Grain: Straight
  • Luster: Low
  • Durability Rating: Rated as non-durable.
  • Drying Characteristics: Moderately difficult to dry
  • Working Characteristics: Fairly easy to work with
  • Applications: Flooring, cabinetry, furniture, decorative veneers, paneling
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