Our Wood Types



  • Other Names: Acacia Confusa, Formosa Acacia, Formosan Koa, and Asian Walnut
  • Description: Elemental Acacia hardwood flooring (100% small-leaf acacia only) possesses an unmistakable rustic assortment of color ranging from dark browns to caramel, light yellows and even some vibrant reddish orange. The distinctive and striking grain pattern make it a tasteful choice lending a touch of sophistication with a rustic twist to any room in the home
  • Janka Hardness: 2,200 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 17,500 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,080 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 540
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 7.0 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 3.1 %


  • Other Names: Pterogyne nitens, Ajunao, Guiaro, Ibiraro, Pau Fava, Viraro
  • Description: With its lustrous appearance, Amendoim is a rich, deep collection of reddish-brown and tan hues that draw the eye in and keep it there. Amendoim hardwood's yellow-brown tones combine with the wood's luster and wavy grain to create its inherent visual warmth.
  • Janka Hardness: 1,340 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 13,800 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,030 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 800
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 6.5 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 4.6 %

Angelim Pedra

  • Other Names: Hymenolobium excelsum, Para Angelim, Rocky Deck, Apitong, Brazilian Keruing, Angel's Heart
  • Description: Angelim Pedra, or Angel's Heart, varies from tan to yellow with dark red and brown vertical striping. For its beauty and durability, Angelim Pedra is a great combination of the two, boasting a Janka hardness rating of 1,720. It is also very resistant to dry-wood termites. Even with its beauty and durability, Angelim Pedra is very affordable, far surpassing the beauty of many hardwoods with a much larger price tag.
  • Janka Hardness: 1,720 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 18,255 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,050 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 960
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 7.1 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 4.4 %

Batu, Red Balau

  • Other Names: Shorea spp, Meranti, Dark Red Meranti, Meranti Batu, sorted for density and color, Membatu, Red Balau, Alan Batu, Selangan Batu, Mangaris
  • Description: Meranti Batu / Red Balau resembles the rich classic look of Genuine Mahogany. Meranti Batu heartwood ranges from a medium red to a deep red / brown and often has resin canals with white contents in concentric lines on end surfaces produce a warm and visually striking effect; the texture of Meranti Batu is moderately fine and grain is typically interlocked.
  • Janka Hardness: 2,100 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 18,400 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,560 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 850
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 6.3 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 8.8 %


  • Other Names: Betula spp, Paper birch, black birch, silver birch, western birch
  • Description: Birch heartwood color can vary from light reddish brown to dark brown with red tinges. The sapwood can be white to light colored. Birch has a fine, uniform texture and a straight grain.
  • Janka Hardness: 1,100 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 15,570 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,010 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 610
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 9.0 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 6.5 %

Brazilian Cherry

  • Other Names: Hymenaea coubaril, Jatoba, Brazilian Cherry, Jutai, Locust, Copal, Azucar, Jatai
  • Description: Brazilian Cherry, also known as Jatoba, is one of the most popular exotic hardwoods. It’s not difficult to see why: Brazilian Cherry's breathtaking reddish-brown heartwood is lined by dark black streaks, giving it not only contrast but amazing depth as well. The heartwood will darken over time to a softer red-brown. Beyond its beauty, Brazilian Cherry is incredibly strong, with a Janka hardness rating of 2350. Silica is a natural mineral deposit commonly found in Brazilian Cherry, which can appear as a milky discoloration on the surface of the wood. This natural mineral can be identified by thin white lines in the grain, which go all the way through the piece. As the wood darkens due to exposure these affected areas remain lighter and typically present themselves in the form of blotches and streaks. We make every effort to eliminate silica from our Select & Clear grade flooring, however, it is not uncommon for some boards to make it past the inspection process. Because silica is a naturally occurring mineral within the tree it is not considered a defect and is not basis for a claim.
  • Janka Hardness: 2,350 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 19,400 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,160 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 800
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 6.2 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 4.8 %

Brazilian Hickory, Guajuvira

  • Other Names: Guajuvira, Brazilian Pecan, Macchiato Pecan
  • Description: Guajuvira is a very durable, hard and resilient wood species (Patagonula americana) with a distinctive contrast of dark and light coloration that makes is the perfect choice whether for a rustic look or high end contemporary. Native to Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay, Guajuvira’s coloring consists of white to brown hues in the sapwood and many shades of dark browns and almost black hues in the heartwood. Its grain is a mix of irregular patterns and straight grain and finishes with a satin smooth luster. The wood is moderately photosensitive, will patina slightly as it ages.
  • Janka Hardness: 1,810 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 26,500 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,550 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 790
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 6.5 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 2.8 %

Canarywood, Tarara Amarilla

  • Other Names: Centrolobium microchaete, Canary Wood
  • Description: Tarara wood is a colorful exotic located in the forests of Brazil and Bolivia. Its heartwood color can be bright yellow to orange with long distinctive streaks of purple, red, and black. Tarara is durable and hard, but also rated as easy to work with, which is why, combined with its inherent attractiveness, it is often a choice for furniture makers. It's grain is irregular and interlocked, and has a lustrous surface with a medium and uniform texture.
  • Janka Hardness: 1,860 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 18,000 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,130 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 700
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 4.0 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 3.0 %

Cumaru, Brazilian Teak

  • Other Names: Dipterix odorata, Southern Chestnut, Brazilian Teak
  • Description: Cumaru, commonly called Brazilian Chestnut, is a tough and dense wood imported from Brazil that has an irregular, somewhat interlocked grain and wavy, course texture. Because of its density, it is very resistant to termites and decay. Cumaru's heartwood is a medium brown with distinctive tan shades that compliment one another in with tonal warmth to create a relaxing feeling that's great to come home to.
  • Janka Hardness: 3,200 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 24,800 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 3,050 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 1,080
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 8.4 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 5.4 %

Douglas Fir

  • Other Names: Pseudotsuga menziesii, Blue Douglas-fir, British Columbia pine, British Colubian pine, Coast Douglas-fir, Colorado Douglas-fir, Colorado Pino real, Colorado real, Columbian Pine, Douglas spruce, Inland Douglas-fir, Interior Douglas-fir, Oregon Douglas-fir, Oregon pine, Puget Sound pine, Red fir, Rocky Mountain Douglas-fir, Yellow fir
  • Description: Douglas Fir has the highest strength to weight ratio of any wood species. Primarily found in the western US and Canada, Douglas Fir is frequently use for dimension lumber in lower grades, and for interior finish work in upper grades. Douglas Fir clears are renowned for their strength, durability, and ability to stand up to the elements. In addition to its strength, Douglas Fir has rich coloring with the heartwood aging to a dark tan-red color and the sap wood remaining light tan. Vertical grain, clear Douglas Fir is widely considered to be one of the finest materials available for trim, mouldings, doors, windows, exposed beams, ceilings and paneling. Douglas Fir CVG flooring has been used throughout the US since the 1800's and is often found in classic historic homes.
  • Janka Hardness: 710 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 12,400 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,950 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 530
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 7.6 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 4.8 %

Genuine Mahogany

  • Other Names: Swietenia macrophylla, Honduran Mahogany, Mogno, Caoba, Acajou, Aguano, Mara
  • Description: Genuine mahogany is widely distributed throughout Central and South America. It has been highly valued for its woodworking qualities and natural rich red-brown beauty since traders first began shipping it to Europe in the 16th Century. It is a highly stable wood, extremely durable, easy to work with and a first choice of craftsmen for flooring, furniture, wall and ceiling paneling and high-end cabinetry. This is the original and true Mahogany wood.
  • Janka Hardness: 800 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 11,460 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,450 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 650
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 4.1 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 2.5 %


  • Other Names: Pecan Carya spp, Bitter pecan, Hickory, Pecan hickory, Sweet pecan, Nutmeg Hickory, Bitternut, Bitternut hickory, Swamp hickory, Water hickory, Wild pecan, Bitter pecan Nogal morado, Nuez encarcelada
  • Description: The distinctive and numerous shades of brown inherent in a Hickory hardwood floor create remarkable contrasts that, along with its intricate grain patterns, are nothing short of spectacular. Not only is Hickory flooring naturally striking in the aesthetic sense, but it is also the hardest of all North American woods. Hickory flooring has been admired for quite some time in the U.S. and abroad for both its beauty and strength, being traditionally used for decorative paneling and furniture veneer as well as for tool handles and pallets. Because of this combination of durability and powerful color contrasts, Hickory makes a versatile and attractive flooring material well-suited for any style of home.
  • Janka Hardness: 1,820 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 13,700 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,730 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 620
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 8.9 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 4.9 %


  • Other Names: Tabebuia spp, Brazilian Ebony, Brazilian Walnut, Ironwood, Irontree, Tajibo, Guayacan, Lapacho, Arcwood, Extreme Ipe, ExtremeIpe
  • Description: Ipe is an incredibly durable wood. Its dense cell structure serves as a natural deterrent to insects, decay, and molds. Because of this natural resilience Ipe is often the first choice for decking because of its almost unparalleled ability to stand up to the elements. More than just durable, Ipe is also very pleasing to the eye. Its heartwood is light to dark olive brown with contrasting yellowish-grey or grey brown tones accompanying it. With a Class A fire rating, Ipe occupies the same class of fire-retardant materials as steel. For durability, safety, and beauty, Ipe makes an excellent choice.
  • Janka Hardness: 3,680 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 25,400 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 3,140 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 1,050
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 8.0 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 6.6 %

Java Walnut

  • Other Names: Dialium spp., Kerandji, Keranji, Khleng, Nyamut, Xoay, Kralahn
  • Description: Java Walnut is a Southeast Asian species. It is a heavy, hard and strong wood of golden-brown to reddish-brown colour with interlocked or wavy grains. Its surface is lustrous, moderately coarse, with striped textured grains. It is used for production of flooring, furniture, cabinetry, sills, posts, door and window frames.
  • Janka Hardness: 2,450 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 27,200 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,690 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 800
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 6.6 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 4.2 %


  • Other Names: Koompassia spp,Thongbueng, Gemaris, Hampas, Nyari, Kempas rawang, Impas (Sabah), Mengris (Sarawak),Tualangun
  • Description: Kempas is generally imported from Asia and grows in Malaysia and Indonesia. The heartwood is a fairly consistent color which ranges from orange-red to reddish-brown with subtly contrasting yellow to pale white tones. The heartwood will darken with time. Kempas is somewhat similar to Cumaru from Brazil but does not have as much definition in the grain.
  • Janka Hardness: 1,750 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 17,700 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,690 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 880
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 7.4 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 6.0 %

Massaranduba, Brazilian Redwood

  • Other Names: Manilkara bidentata, Chicozapote, Ausubo, Nispero, Beefwood, Bolletri, Balata Rouge, Paraju, Bulletwood
  • Description: Brazilian Redwood, also known as Massaranduba, is a gorgeous and durable hardwood whose durability makes it a frequent choice not only for flooring but decking as well. The naturally beautiful heartwood can range from light to dark brownish-red, with a grain that can be straight, somewhat wavy, or interlocked. Brazilian Redwood is also very easy to maintain, and it's Janka hardness rating of 3,190 ensures that it will stand up just as well against impacts in the short term as it will against decay in the long term.
  • Janka Hardness: 3,190 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 29,200 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 3,450 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 1,000
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 9.4 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 6.3 %

Patagonian Rosewood

  • Other Names: Anadenanthera colubrina, Curupay, Patagonian Rosewood, Curupau, Kurupay, Angico Preto
  • Description: Curupay or Patagonian Rosewood is found in the forests of Bolivia and Paraguay. Also known as Curupau, Curupay or Patagonian Rosewood is a very appealing wood that is highly compatible with any home design or color scheme. This versatility comes from the fact that Curupau's pale pink and yellow tones are sharply distinguished from its dark brown heartwood, creating a pleasing contrast that is complimented by the wood's crossed grain and creates a beautiful combination of rich browns and yellows. Curupau also has astonishing durability with a Janka hardness rating of 3,840, making it particularly resilient against wear and tear and impacts. Curupau will darken upon prolonged exposure to light.
  • Janka Hardness: 3,840 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 23,780 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,730 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 1,020
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 8.4 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 4.8 %

Santos Mahogany

  • Other Names: Myroxylon balsamum, Cabreuva, Balsamito, Cabore, Caboriba, Bosnian Pine, Incensio, Quina, Tache
  • Description: Santos Mahogany is one of the most coveted exotic hardwoods in the world. Its beautiful reddish brown to deep red color remains constant over time, and its tight grain serves as an exquisite accompaniment to the rich colors with its fine, distinctive strokes. Like many Brazilian exotics, Santos Mahogany offers not only a beautiful visual appearance but astounding durability as well. With a Janka rating of 2,200, Santos Mahogany is 18% harder than Hickory, the hardest of North American hardwoods. For longevity and amazing looks, Santos Mahogany is tough to beat.
  • Janka Hardness: 2,200 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 25,400 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,060 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 900
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 6.5 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 4.2 %


  • Other Names: Bowdichia spp, Tiete Chestnut
  • Description: Sucupira, also known as Tiete Chestnut, is a great combination of the exotic and the practical, as it is a stunning wood that can easily stand up to a large amount of foot traffic. This Brazilian wood has rich red-brown, chocolate-brown, or light brown heartwood with yellowish or whitish tones and high luster. Sucupira possesses a medium to coarse texture with an interlocked grain, and with its dark warming tones, a nearby fireplace would be the perfect accompaniment for a Sucupira floor.
  • Janka Hardness: 2,140 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 25,100 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,600 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 960
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 7.6 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 4.0 %

Tauari, Brazilian Oak

  • Other Names: Couratari oblongifolia, Capa de tabaco, Brazilian Oak
  • Description: Brazilian Oak, also known as Tauri, is similar to North American Red Oak, but 13% harder. It ranges from tan to medium brown in color, and has a medium graining pattern. In addition to providing the highly sought after "wheat" color associated with domestic oak, Brazilian Oak provides the look more affordably. In addition to being economically and visually appealing, this hardwood is also very resistant to decay, impact, and insects, ensuring long lasting enjoyment of a Brazilian Oak floor.
  • Janka Hardness: 1,650 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 12,900 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,540 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 640
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 7.3 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 4.2 %

Tiete Rosewood

  • Other Names: Ormosia coarctata, Guibourtia chodatianal, Bolivian Rosewood, Sirari
  • Description: Tiete Rosewood is an exquisite example of the beautiful hardwoods hailing from South America. Starting out as soft pink tinged with russet during its youth, Tiete Rosewood reddens slightly with age, creating rich and contrasting tones. Tiete Rosewood is also one of the most durable hardwoods on the market with a Janka rating of 3,280. With its combination of vibrant and soothing colors, Tiete Rosewood is particularly beautiful when accompanied by black furniture.
  • Janka Hardness: 3,280 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 15,830 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,030 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 950
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 7.0 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 4.0 %


  • Other Names: Astronium fraxinifolium, Muiracatiara, Cuta Tigre, Bois de Zebre, Bossona, Goncalo Alves, Mura, Kingwood, Urunday-para, Zebrawood, Zorrowood
  • Description: Tigerwood is a highly distinctive exotic wood with vibrant reddish-brown tones and prominent black striping that varies in thickness from fine strokes to thick contours. Its interlocked grain is also wavy and irregular, complimenting the wood’s dynamic appearance. Tigerwood is ranked among the more durable hardwoods with a Janka hardness rating of 1850, making Tigerwood a visually striking floor that lasts.
  • Janka Hardness: 1,850 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 20,120 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,390 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 930
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 7.6 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 4.0 %

White Oak

  • Other Names: Quercus spp, Arizona oak, Stave oak, white oak, Swamp white oak, Brewer oak, Garry oak, Oregon oak, California white oak, Valley oak, Valley white oak,
  • Description: White Oak is full of light tones that give a crisp, clean feel. It has long been a versatile standard in homes across the U.S. because of its universally complimentary combination of deep grayish-brown heartwood and pale white tones. White Oak is also known for its durability, strength, and resistance to wear, serving as planking for boats and even mine timbers. This elegant wood’s amazing decorative flexibility makes it an outstanding floor for all settings and occasions. White Oak comes in a variety of colors and stains to suit any decor.
  • Janka Hardness: 1,360 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 15,200 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,780 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 900
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 7.2 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 4.2 %