Purpleheart Hardwood Technical Species Information

Detailed scientific and mechanical properties for Purpleheart Hardwood Lumber


  • Description: The breathtaking coloring that has made Purpleheart world famous occurs when its freshly cut brown heartwood is exposed to the air, rapidly turning deep purple. Over time, prolonged exposure to light causes the heartwood to slowly transition from purple to a rich, dark brownish-purple shade. Purpleheart also possesses complimentary tones that can range from pale pink to whitish-grey. Purpleheart is very popular not only because of its amazing color, but also for its high level of durability. This wood serves as stunning decorative accent to any room and is sure to catch the admiring eye of any visitor.
  • More Info: Purpleheart is one of the most durable and stable species of hardwood available. Although striking in color, Purpleheart can be stained to appear more red-brown and less purple-pink. Fantastic for interior flooring, exterior decking and industrial uses.
  • Other Names: Peltogyne spp, Amaranth, Nazareno, Pau Roxo, Bois Violet, Barabou
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Purpleheart Lumber Scientific Properties and Technical Specifications

  • Janka Hardness: 1,860 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 21,300 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,420 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 1,050
  • Color: Heartwood is purple and dark brown. Sapwood is white to yellow.
  • Photosensitivity: Moderate
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 6.1%
  • Radial Shrinkage: 3.2%
  • Family: Leguminosae
  • Tree Characteristics:
  • Geographic Area: Central America, Latin America, Oceania and S.E. Asia
  • Texture: Fine to medium
  • Grain: Straight to interlocked
  • Luster: Lustrous
  • Durability Rating: Rated as very durable and resistant to termites.
  • Drying Characteristics: Dries at slow speed with slight risk of surface checking and end splitting.
  • Working Characteristics: Rated as moderately difficult to work
  • Applications: Flooring, decking, decorative veneers, bridge joists, boat building, fine furniture, tables